Music Therapy Sessions | KSProductions Music Therapy

By: Music Therapy  06-Dec-2011
Keywords: Music Therapy, Music Therapy Session

Sessions are specifically tailored for the needs of each client. They are determined by the developmental level and ability, and can be adapted mid-session to cater for the client's changing responses. Most sessions begin with a greeting song and end with a goodbye theme in order to provide a framework so that the client has a clear understanding of the beginning and the end.

Musical techniques utilised include;

  • changing chords on a different beat from the words (allowing the client to process one change at a time)
  • playing at a speed which matches the client's movements (eg for a child with CP who has difficulty controlling voluntary movement)
  • Using instruments which can be easily played without prior training such as small drums, autoharp, omnichord, and/or tree chimes.
  • using instruments which can be shared such as bongo drums (has 2 heads), beater and drum,
  • using 7th (or unfinished sounding) chords to promote vocalisations or the finishing of lines of a song
  • -Leaving gaps at the end of a phrase to aid vocalisation

Session Goals

All sessions are goal oriented.

Music therapists share many goals/objectives with other therapists/disciplines, examples below

SOCIAL

  • play with peers
  • learn names of peers
  • share with peer
  • make eye contact with peer
  • take turns

EMOTIONAL

  • appropriate expression of feelings
  • recognise happy/sad/angry

PHYSICAL

  • increase range of motion
  • eye/hand coordination
  • move arms/legs/whole body
  • manipulate objects in hands

COGNITIVE

  • name colours/shapes
  • name/touch body parts
  • say own name, spell own name
  • learn 1 to 1 correspondence

Session Activities

The following are examples of activities which can be used in a music therapy session or in the classroom;

Greeting song(s)

  • It's time to sing Hello
  • I want to sing good morning

Movement song(s)/activities

  • if you're happy and you know it
  • clap you hands to the music
  • in and out the circle
  • fish and chips
  • mirroring

Socialization

  • Oh (name) has a hat
  • Oh where is (name)
  • ? has a name

Instrumental activities

  • we're going to make some music
  • let's beat the drum
  • I'm going to Kentucky/everybody shake
  • play the bell one time

Sensorimotor

  • ball/balloon and lycra
  • scarves

Listening

Relaxation

  • relax to classical music
  • Goodbye songs
  • goodbye and toodleloo
  • goodbye (name)

These and other activities are great facilitators for helping to increase the child's general awareness and understanding of the surrounding environment.

Keywords: Music Therapy, Music Therapy Session

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