Biotelliga is actively involved in the development of products in the following categories:
Fungal entomopathogens and their Metabolites which have no mammalian toxicity, no environmental impact and no resistance mechanisms.
Biotelliga has developed a range of fungal entomopathogens which are consistent in their ability to control the targeted pests. We have achieved this by the fusion of cyclodepsipeptide insecticides and biopolymers with entomopathogenic fungi to conquer insect resistance mechanisms.
It has been estimated that over 234 million kg of synthetic fungicides are used annually worldwide. However, to maintain and increase access of NZ produce in overseas markets, where regulators are steadily decreasing chemical residue limits, we need to find alternatives to chemical fungicides that are shown to be safe, with negligible risk to human health and the environment. Biotelliga is researching to chemically characterise, test and optimise yield of the biologically active molecules produced by four NZ-isolated microbial strains found to present antifungal activity and, together with its partners, evaluate their potential to be used as natural fungicides. In parallel, we intend also to explore the antifungal potential of other microbial strains isolated in New Zealand.
Streptomyces are well documented in human medicine for producing an enormous range of antibiotics, and anti cancer metabolites. The seeded Streptomyces that are in our products produce both Bacteriostatic compounds Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol both documented as causing bacteriostatic inhibition of Liberibacter and Phyto plasma. It is our belief that these Streptomyces will deliver these water soluble compounds to the plants. The seeded Streptomyces will also preferentially grow and out compete the phyto pathogenic Streptomyces responsible for Powdery and Common Scab in Potatoes and thought to produce the toxic metabolite bafilomycin which has been linked to Type 1 and 2 Diabetes in humans. (The effects of repeated exposure to sub-toxic doses of plecomacrolide antibiotics on the endocrine pancreas. Hettiarachchi, Zimmet and Myers 2006), (Eckwall and Schottel, 1997), (Kinkel, Anderson, Schottel and Samac)
Science is discovering that the use of Ureic based fertilisers as well as the herbicides Glyphosate, and Gluphosinate is killing soil microbes to the point that horticultural and agricultural soils are devoid of life. Plants derive 80% of their nutrition from the soil via a biological pathway and even more importantly 50% of all the energy a plant produces is sent to the root zone to feed the soil microbes and the plants root system. This process is critical to life, if the soil microbes are not present, then the plant is unable to sustain itself.
Science is also discovering and as the world has seen with the Algal bloom that affected the Olympic sailing regattas in China, that the amount of Nitrogen and Phosphate based artificial fertilisers that are pouring into the worlds oceans and rivers are producing these algal blooms which deplete the waterways of oxygen causing anoxic conditions (oxygen starvation) and death of marine organisms and mammals. In NZ this is a serious problem with Dairy farming around Christchurch and Lake Taupo.
Biotelliga has developed bacterial synergists which are soil microbial activators.
These compounds provide key ingredients required for microbial metabolism, they are not soil inoculants, but stimulates soil microbial activity by a factor of 2000% over 14 days. These microbes then convert plant material, base fertilisers and locked up reserves,(nutrient banking ), into plant available forms of nutrient. This enables the lowering of petrochemical based fertiliser applications.
To elicit is to draw forth something that is latent, an elicitor within the plant world therefore means that the plant is alerted to any challenge through an extremely sensitive surveillance system that recognises both self and non self components. Driving systemic resistance in plants is essentially the activation of the plants defense mechanisms and placing them on a hair trigger. We called this the “Paranoid Plant”. Biotelliga has several SAR products derived from Salicylic Acid, Cis Jasmone, Chitosan and Glucan pathways all packaged in unique delivery mechanism for ease of delivery to plant cells.