tree pruning, tree felling and tree removal services

By: Treeko  05-Apr-2012
Keywords: Removal, Pruning, Tree Removal

This page is designed to inform and help readers gain a better understanding of arboricultural pruning terms and options. The purpose is to provide deeper insight into us and our services.

Correct residential tree pruning is 40% science, 60% art. The science starts when you begin to understand how plants grow and respond to different pruning cuts at different times. The art begins as you shape a plant - deciding which branches to remove or leave intact, which to shorten, and which to allow to grow. The result is a tree or shrub that grows into the appropriate shape envisaged - that suits the plant and compliments its garden setting. Understanding plant growth an arborist is able to prune more intuitively. Further more, an observant consultant is able to identify where best to invest your budget for the best possible results. We offer creative and practical solutions to utilise your existing trees and shrubs to enhance your property or meet specific objectives.

Crown thinning

When a mature tree becomes densely branched, it may cast too much shade and be susceptible to wind damage. Thinning the branches allows more light to filter to the ground and lets wind pass through the foliage.Although too much thinning can have negative effects on most trees so thinning should be carefully monitored. Reducing a shrub by thinning cuts reduces its size with out stimulating much unnecessary new growth. Thinning can control size and rejuvenates the plant while retaining its softer natural shape.

A tree that has become too tall can be made smaller without destroying its shape by a method called drop crutching. Dramatic thinning cuts remove many of the larger branches from where they divide into secondary (smaller) branches. The secondary branches become the over all size and shape of the tree. This technique requires good judgment and insight into how the tree will respond to pruning cuts in order to reduce negative effects - eg. vigorous water sprout re-growth, weakened branch structure and unsightly shaping. However different trees may suit different pruning methods depending on circumstances and objectives. It's important to continually read (assess) the tree and visualise as you're pruning.



In nature trees gradually self-prune by shedding dead branches as the tree grows. Often harbouring pests, disease and wound cavities. The dead branches can become a minor or major hazard and give the tree a scrappy, unsightly appearance. Aside from the health and safety benefits the biggest advantage of deadwooding is the enhanced appearance of the tree. By removing the clutter of dead wood and stubs together with a minor crown lifting, a tree can resemble the grand specimens you see in botanic gardens. And once dead and diseased wood is removed from a mature tree - it stays removed.

Often a healthy plant has out grown its location or become loose and woody, lending itself to cutting back hard to rejuvenate. This method virtually grows a new crown from an old plant. In one growing season the plant can be ready to shear to keep compact and formalised, or developed over time to encourage its more natural shape.

Restoring a badly pruned or neglected tree to its natural shape may take several years. Usually trees suffer from having been lopped and topped, resulting in a cluster of vertical shoots or wound cavities if not pruned correctly. The shoots should be thinned to one, two or three on each limb. With fewer branches, more light can penetrate to its interior and wind resistance will be reduced. Although these vertical shoots are weakly attached, the connection strengthens with each growing season as a new layer of wood surrounds the branch collar. Crossed branches, water sprout growth, dead wood and stubs should also be removed. After corrective pruning, a tree is more open and branches are growing in the right directions without interfering with one another. With fruit trees its important to leave evenly spaced fruit-bearing wood whilst pruning the crowded, dead and diseased wood.

Short Term - This usually applies to property owners who intend to sell or someone who needs immediate property appeal on short notice. Knowing the customers objectives is important when advising on pruning or removal options. - Sometimes its better to lightly shape over grown plants for instant improvement instead of pruning them back for better long term results. Or enhancing a tree instead of removal ; - the gap left behind may take years to fill with new or surrounding plants. Ideally, restoring neglected trees should be a two or three year gradual process for best results.

Pruning is essential in preserving the integrity and scale of the urban landscape design. A good garden and tree scape is like an ever evolving painting. Regular and correct pruning keeps shrubs and trees healthy and vigorous and prevents potential problems. Properly pruned fruit trees will bear larger crops and ward off diseases better. Often we are called in for a major property make over when the very best value is with the little-and-often approach over time. We offer annual maintenance programs to keep your plants healthy, in scale and under control. We have before and after photo albums, site addresses and owners you might like to talk to.

Large tree take downs are highly technical and should be a last resort. They require appropriate equipment, good judgment, experience and team work. Safety is our number one priority. arborists and ground crew are fully trained and experienced for this job. Trained staff and efficient procedures enables competitive pricing and a smoother, safer operation. As with all our work, we guarantee a thorough, professional job and clean up with our no payment until 100% satisfied policy.

Light and view restoration are common reasons for property owners to prune or remove trees. Many owners are unaware of options other than indiscriminant topping or felling. A good arborist can identify which trees to prune or remove for the best compromise. Light can be gained by targeting various trees or shrubs that lend themselves to hard pruning, crown lifting, thinning or removal. Selective pruning or removal is the best policy to achieve more light, views and enhance your garden. Occasionally though, major compromise is simply unavoidable. We take pride in helping you achieve your objectives and make a better difference.

The easier a hedge is to trim, the more often its trimmed..And the more often its trimmed the easier it is - and the better it looks. Many hedges are let to grow too wide at the top and out of shape. We specialise in reshaping and reducing them back to a narrower and lower frame from which to rejuvenate new growth from. Its vital to have both sides sloping back in order to have its top narrow and much easier to reach across. This also allows the lower sides to grow in sky light instead of struggling in its own shade. Once the hedge shape is right it should than be trimmed regularly. By doing so you create a firm tight canopy for the hedge trimmer to follow each time. If its let to grow loose and long its harder to follow its original shape, the cuts are than shallower meaning the hedge grows out of shape again. Little and often is the best policy. We specialise in initial reshaping and offer regular (easy) trimming if required.

As with all trees Phoenix Palms are easy to enhance. By pruning lower dead fronds back to a neat collar they can be transformed into grand ornaments. Also reducing tree litter and allowing more light past the tree. We have telescopic power saws with added extensions, tall orchard ladders and climbing pole straps to climb the tallest trees without the need to hire cherry pickers.

Tree limbs can chafe through wire insulation or fall on them, cutting off service in high winds. Some electrical companies shear or lop off all branches around wires leaving stubs, believing this to be the fastest and least expensive method. In reality, indiscriminate lopping and stubbing produces many vigorous fast growing vertical water shoots that eat up the line clearance with in two growing seasons. We prefer to (drop crutch) and thin branches back to laterals thereby directing slower growth away from or around power lines. This way the tree looks as natural as possible and avoids a lot of unnecessary maintenance and damage.

Many property owners underestimate the amenity value their trees have in their neighbourhood or city as a whole. Property prices and appeal can be directly correlated to the character and lush beauty of mature trees and shrubs. Heritage rights and environmental considerations are also sometimes overlooked. The lack of bird song and clean air being just two. A feeling of resentment toward a shady or messy tree soon dulls any sense of value and pride. Although some trees simply have to go for various reasons, others may suit a management program to enhance their value and appeal and reduce their negative effects. Selective pruning relieves problems and facilitates living in harmony with valuable trees. Leaves make excellent mulch and compost and raking is great exercise.
Resource consents are free. Only requiring an application form with descriptions and explanations on what you want to do and why. If you prefer, we are more than happy to apply on your behalf and liaise with council arborists.

Wood and leaf chip is the best mulch available. It imitates a forest floor as it breaks down. Retaining moisture around the roots, adding nutrients slowly and suppressing weeds. Many underestimate the value of recycling through the regular replenishment of mulch around trees and shrubs. Once brush is chipped it's invaluable for this purpose. We offer quality bulk mulch delivered at very low cost, or free mulch if chipped and left on site.

Tree work above ground is our focus. Stump removal is competitive and performed separately once the site is cleared. We use professional stump grinding contractors. Low cut stumps look small once the tree has gone, and we find stump grinding contractors are then more able to give a better price. We endeavour to match or better any written stumping quote (combination tree felling & stump removal) and maintain our no payment until satisfied guarantee.

Green wood is twice as easy to split as dry wood. Green wood burns poorly so should be split and dried somewhere sheltered. We remove all wood or we can leave cut 9" thick pieces on site at your request. Any larger than 9" will make splitting and handling difficult.

Keywords: Arboriculture, Arborist, Arborists, Crown Thinning, Hedge, Hedge Trimming, Mulching, Pruning, Removal, Stump Grinding, Tree Consultants, Tree Felling, Tree Lopping, Tree Maintenance, Tree Pruning, Tree Removal, Tree Shaping, Tree Surgeons