Pet Dentistry

By: Abbotts Way Vet  05-Apr-2012
Keywords: Pets, Dogs, Pet

For many years the veterinary profession had ignored oral health. We have realised in the last 20 years how important good oral health is to the general well being of your pet. The main oral problem we see in dogs and cats is periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is an insidious, chronic disease. It causes pain and suffering.

One of the most common statements from owners is that their pet is still eating well and does not seem to be in pain. The other frequent statement we hear is how much better their pet is after having treatment for periodontal disease. This disease slowly gets worse over time and we just don't notice the progression. Most pets are middle aged and their lethargy just gets put down to advancing years. Pets with periodontal disease are at risk for infections elswhere in the body because every time they eat, bacteria are released into the blood stream and can lodge in the heart valves or kidneys. At Abbotts Way Veterinary Clinic we grade your pets teeth at every visit and if prophylactic cleaning is required we will advise you accordingly.

We call them forls, neck lesions, or cervical lesions. The correct name is Feline Odontoclastic Resorbative Lesions. So what are they, why do they occur, and how do we treat them.

Tooth resorption is the most common dental problem in cats, with studies worldwide showing a prevalence rate (in cats presented for dental problems) of up to 75%. Many species of animals as well as people experience various types of tooth resorption, but no other species experiences the prevalence of this condition that cats do. Resorptions of permanent teeth in cats have commonly been referred to as feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORLs). They have also been called neck lesions, cervical line erosions, and feline caries.

Our understanding of FORLs has been enlightened by the use of dental radiography and by histologic studies. It appears that the lesions originate in the cementum, invade into dentin, and, from there, can progress apically (down the root), coronally (toward the crown), or both ways. Enamel often flakes off if its underlying dentin is involved. Enamel may also be resorbed (but from the inside out) once the lesion has progressed coronally into the tooth crown. The bottom line is that by the time we can clinically detect even small lesions by visual inspection or by probing or exploring, we are encountering an end-stage lesion. The cause of FORLs is unknown but is under investigation. All tooth-saving treatments have been shown to have poor results. Currently we extract any teeth affected with this problem.

Keywords: Cats, Dogs, Pet, Pets, Veterinary, Veterinary Clinic

Other products and services from Abbotts Way Vet


Is anaesthesia safe in pets at the veterinary clinic

It is critical to monitor the patient’s vitals while under anaesthesia to ensure that the respiratory and cardiovascular systems are functioning well, and to ensure that the patient is not under too lightly or too deeply. The risk of a pet dying under anaesthesia while undergoing a routine spay, neuter, dental or mass removal is extremely low, but this risk can be affected by the anaesthetic drugs used and the monitoring of the patient.



Abbotts Way Veterinary Clinic is a full service veterinary clinic for small animals, which includes dogs, cats, and pocket pets such as rabbits, guinea pigs, rats and. This guarantee is not limited to our own clients, we will see any pet that is sick on the day that you call us. Probably of most importance is that if your pet is sick we will never make you wait until tomorrow to be seen.


Preanaesthetic blood testing at Abbotts Way Veterinary Clinic

We will perform a complete physical examination to look for any existing medical conditions that might complicate the procedure or compromise your pet’s health. We perform pre-anaesthetic testing for companion animals for the same reasons your doctor would run tests on you before you underwent anaesthesia.


Dental Cleaning at Abbotts Way Veterinary Clinic

At best tooth and gum disease causes discomfort so please call our receptionist to schedule an appointment to insure your special pet has healthy. You will be given the option to waive these tests when you sign the anaesthetic consent form when your pet is admitted for surgery. This may consist of teeth brushing, the use of the Hills t/d prescription food or various dental treats and chews such as Greenies.